This is also commonly referred to as a column chart. If you have comparative data that you would like to represent then a bar chart would be a good option.
Horizontal Bar chart
The data can be plotted horizontally, meaning that the longer the bar the larger the category. This is a good way to present data with long labels that would be hard to display below a vertical bar.
Used to observe oscillations around a level that you can call zero.
Zero centered bar chart